Here is a bit about Charles Barron, who was one of my daughter Rachel’s political mentors as she was one of his supportive attorneys.

This was written while he was a successful candidate for alderman of a Brooklyn neighborhood, Brownsville and East New York. He is currently running for Mayor of NYC!

“…There are other things that could have happened. The community could have purchased that land, using public sector, private sector and personal funds, as well as bank loans. There could have been a bunch of small retail stores owned and operated by people from the neighborhood. What should have happened is we could have had neighborhood people building and owning a cultural center, a cleaners, two movie theaters, a restaurant, and an “East New York Supermarket.” That way, the money would circulate in the neighborhood — the owner of the supermarket would put his dollar into the local cleaners, the owner of the local cleaners would put his dollar into the local restaurant. There would be a multiplier factor, and we would all be better off….

The reason why we get exploited in black communities is because we are always just focused on getting jobs for people, on survival. We should be trying for real economic development - for economic empowerment. We should be developing a community-based economic plan, an economic incubator.

That is part of what I hope to do on the City Council. I will have a big say-so on how land is used and developed in my neighborhood. That is what I mean by power.

White politicians are into power and policies. Black politicians are just into jobs and programs. But power and policies bring you jobs and programs. That is what we need to get into.”

District 42 - East New York, Brownsville

District 42 - Charles Barron
421 New Lots Avenue, Brooklyn 11207
City Hall: (212) 788–6957
District: (718)649–9495
Fax: (212) 676- 8595

Committee Assignments:
Education, Chair
Consumer Affairs, member
Land Use, member
Women’s Issues, member
Landmarks, Public Siting & Maritime, member of Land Use Subcommittee

This Land Is Our Land

By Charles Barron

East New York and Brownsville have an advantage over almost any other neighborhoods in New York City - and the reason, ironically, is precisely because they were neglected for decades. The landlords burned many of the buildings down when the neighborhoods changed from white to black, and so East New York and Brownsville are now among the few places in the city that have a lot of empty land.

This land is our strength, the way of getting our youth off the corners and into some meaningful employment and business ownership.

That is not the way it has been used. In the last few years, big corporations have come in, bought up the land, and built Junior Food supermarkets, a Cineplex movie theater and a mall with stores like Home Depot and Bed Bath & Beyond. To outsiders, this might seem like progress. All these new stores have people working in them, and that means jobs.

But what kind of jobs? These are entry-level minimum wage jobs, not living wage jobs. So there are some 85 popcorn-selling concession-stand jobs or whatever, and Sumner Redstone, the multibillionaire head of Viacom, walks off with the profits.

It is the same with Pathmark, Rite Aid, Bed Bath and Beyond. We get cash register jobs. And the millions of dollars we spend on pharmaceuticals and food and movies go out of the neighborhood.

The people who live near Junior Foods didn’t want it. I live two blocks away, and I certainly didn’t want it. We didn’t want the traffic, the odors, the rodents. Western Beef came in, purchased the land at auction, and built what they wanted to build. There are other things that could have happened. The community could have purchased that land, using public sector, private sector and personal funds, as well as bank loans. There could have been a bunch of small retail stores owned and operated by people from the neighborhood. What should have happened is we could have had neighborhood people building and owning a cultural center, a cleaners, two movie theaters, a restaurant, and an “East New York Supermarket.” That way, the money would circulate in the neighborhood — the owner of the supermarket would put his dollar into the local cleaners, the owner of the local cleaners would put his dollar into the local restaurant. There would be a multiplier factor, and we would all be better off.

What is happening in East New York is not the way it happens in white communities. In a white community, Trump will build a park or something in exchange for the right to develop something. Little Italy is run by Italians, Chinatown is run by Chinese. Then you look at our community, and it looks like some form of domestic colonialism. We own very little.

The reason why we get exploited in black communities is because we are always just focused on getting jobs for people, on survival. We should be trying for real economic development - for economic empowerment. We should be developing a community-based economic plan, an economic incubator.

That is part of what I hope to do on the City Council. I will have a big say-so on how land is used and developed in my neighborhood. That is what I mean by power.

White politicians are into power and policies. Black politicians are just into jobs and programs. But power and policies bring you jobs and programs. That is what we need to get into.

The biggest challenge for me in the City Council besides the power over land use will be to make sure that they do not balance the budget off the backs of poor people who need vital city services. Giuliani has come up with nothing more creative than slashing every agency by 15 percent. But, just like the wealth of the city has not been equitably distributed, so the pain of these budget cuts should not be equitably distributed. We cannot withstand more pain.

We need to find some money, get back our fair share from the federal government. The city gives $49 billion to the federal government, and the federal government only gives $41 billion back.

As for taxation, you cannot just say we will not raise taxes anytime, any way. That is just stupid. You have to consider there are taxes somewhere, perhaps on alcohol and tobacco, that you might have to raise. It doesn’t have to be property taxes.

My entry into the white power structure doesn’t mean I have to change who I am. I remain a black revolutionary Christian socialist. I grew up in a housing project on the Lower East Side. When I was a teenager, I joined the Black Panther Party because it represented education, children, clothing, survival programs - the same values that the City Council is supposed to want for its people. The City Council is going to have to change, not me. The first thing I am going to do is work with the Fresh Democracy Council to change the rules of the council so that more diverse voices can be heard. Then I am going to lobby the City Council Speaker and the Public Advocate to make sure some more diverse faces can be seen on the walls of City Hall. There are not enough people of color. We should commission an artist to put Malcolm X’s portrait up there.

—updated December 17, 2001

Institute for Policy Studies Staff

Julie Ajinkya


Current work: Julie is the New Voices Fellow and Grassroots Outreach Coordinator for FPIF. She works at making FPIF materials more campaign and activist friendly, as well as providing educational materials for progressive foreign policy campaigns across the country. Currently, she is working with a number of other student focused groups on foreign policy election materials. She has also been interviewed by an Irish radio station on the bombings that occurred in Bombay in August 2003.

Background: Julie graduated in May 2003 from Amherst College with a B.A. in Political Science with Distinction. She spent her junior year studying abroad in South India, focusing her independent research on Dalit politics and India’s Reservations’ system (similar to the U.S.’ Affirmative Action system). She has written extensively on Indian politics, including her honors thesis which looks at the power of civil society’s organization against state-sponsored Hindu-Muslim communal violence in post-colonial India. Julie has worked on a variety of domestic issues from welfare reform legislation to immigrant rights and has also trained as a union organizer with SEIU Local 150 in Wisconsin.

Diana Alonzo


ROLE IN IPS: Support staff

CURRENT WORK: Starting as an intern, Diana worked with the Paths Project and the Bringing Pinochet to Justice Campaign. Under these projects she researched related information for both projects, and translated and edited articles and publications. Currently, besides being support staff for Dorian Lipscombe and IPS in general, Diana works on a variety of IPS projects including SALSA, Democracy Action Project, FPIF and the Break the Chain Campaign. For these projects she has researched relevant material, promoted lectures on current issues, and assisted in investigations on worker abuse cases.

BACKGROUND: Diana holds a BA in Spanish and a BA in Government & Politics from the University of Maryland. In the fall of 2002 she will be starting her Masters work in U.S. Foreign Policy with a focus on International Law at American University. She has volunteered for area Hispanic organizations promoting diversity in the workplace and educational advancement for minorities.

Robert Alvarez


ROLE IN IPS: Director, Nuclear Policy project

CURRENT WORK: Robert Alvarez is a Senior Scholar at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C., where he is currently focused on nuclear disarmament, environmental and energy policies.

BACKGROUND: Between 1993 and 1999, Mr. Alvarez served as a Senior Policy Advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Assistant Secretary for National Security and the Environment. While at DOE coordinated the effort to enact nuclear worker compensation legislation. In 1994 and 1995, Bob led teams in North Korea to establish control of nuclear weapons materials. He coordinated nuclear material strategic planning for the department and established the department’s first asset management program. Bob was awarded two Secretarial Gold Medals, the highest awards given by the Department.Prior to joining the DOE, Mr. Alvarez served for five years as a Senior Investigator for the U. S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, chaired by Senator John Glenn, and as one of the Senate’s primary staff experts on the U.S. nuclear weapons program. While serving for Senator Glenn, Bob worked to help establish the environmental cleanup program in the Department of Energy, strengthened the Clean Air Act, uncovered several serious nuclear safety and health problems, improved medical radiation regulations, and created a transition program for communities and workers affected by the closure of nuclear weapons facilities.In 1975 Bob helped found and direct the Environmental Policy Institute (EPI), a respected national public interest organization. He helped enact several federal environmental laws, wrote several influential studies and organized successful political coalitions. He helped organize a successful lawsuit on behalf of the family of Karen Silkwood, a nuclear worker and active union member who was killed under mysterious circumstances in 1974. Bob Alvarez is an award winning author and has published articles in prominent publications such as Science Magazine, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Technology Review and the Washington Post. He has been featured in television programs such as NOVA and 60 Minutes.

Sarah Anderson


ROLE IN IPS: Fellow,
Global Economy Program

CURRENT WORK: 1) Conducting research and writing on the impact of the international financial institutions and free trade and investment policies on inequality, poverty, environmental sustainability, and human rights. 2) educational work around the new book Field Guide to the Global Economy. 3) work to promote the major themes in “Alternatives for the Americas,” a document that lays out an alternative to the Free Trade Area of the Americas.

BACKGROUND: Sarah has written numerous studies on the social and environmental impacts of trade and investment liberalization. She sits on the steering committee of the Alliance for Responsible Trade and is a board member of the Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras. Prior to coming to IPS in 1992, Anderson was a consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development (1989–1992), an editor for the Deutsche Presse-Agentur (1988), and a news reporter for Inside Chicago and the Lafayette Journal and Courier. She holds a Masters in International Affairs from The American University and a BA in Journalism from Northwestern University.


Field Guide to the Global Economy (with John Cavanagh and Thea Lee), New Press, 2000.

“A Decade of Executive Excess: The 1990s,” (Sixth Annual Executive Compensation Survey), Institute for Policy Studies and United for a Fair Economy, September 1, 1999.

“Bearing the Burden: Workers and the Global Financial Crisis-Impacts and Agendas,” (with John Cavanagh), Institute for Policy Studies, March 19, 1999.

“What’s Behind the Bush-Pinochet Friendship?” (with Saul Landau), Miami Herald, June 1, 1999.

“A Coalition Fights for Justice in the Maquiladoras, “ WorkingUSA, July/August 1999.

Richard J. Barnet

ROLE IN IPS: Co-founder, former Co-Director, and current Fellow

CURRENT WORK: Writing and speaking on children, global corporations, and immigrants.

BACKGROUND: Author of 14 books and hundreds of articles on security, war, global corporations, and children.


The Youngest Minds (with Ann Barnet), Simon & Schuster, 1999.

Global Dreams (with John Cavanagh), Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Phyllis Bennis

ROLE IN IPS: Fellow, New Internationalism: The Middle East & United Nations Affairs

CURRENT WORK: The Middle East component of the Project challenges the drive towards U.S. empire in that region and beyond, focusing particularly on ending the U.S. war and occupation in Iraq, and supporting a just and comprehensive peace based on an end to Israeli occupation of Palestine. The United Nations component analyzes U.S. domination of the UN and attempts to strengthen the potential role of the UN as part of a new internationalism and the global resistance to empire. Since September 11, 2001, the New Internationalism Project has also been involved in assessing the root causes of, and critiquing Bush administration responses to, that tragedy.

BACKGROUND: IPS fellow Phyllis Bennis is also a fellow of the Transnational Institute in Amsterdam. She has been a writer, analyst and activist on Middle East and UN issues for many years. While working as a journalist at the United Nations during the run-up to the 1990–91 Gulf War, she began working on U.S. domination of the UN, and stayed involved in work on Iraq sanctions and disarmament, and later U.S. war and occupation in Iraq. In 1999 Phyllis accompanied a group of congressional aides to Iraq to examine the impact of U.S.-led economic sanctions on humanitarian conditions there, and later joined former UN Assistant Secretary General Denis Halliday, who resigned his position as Humanitarian Coordinator in Iraq to protest the impact of sanctions, in a speaking tour. In 2001 she helped found and currently co-chairs the U.S. Campaign to End Israeli Occupation. She works closely with the United for Peace and Justice anti-war coalition, and since 2002 has played an active role in the growing global peace movement.


Understanding the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: A Primer, published by TARI and available in hard copy from IPS, text on-line at the website of the U.S. Campaign (

Before & After: U.S. Foreign Policy and the September 11th Crisis, Interlink Publishing 2002.

Calling the Shots: How Washington Dominates Today’s UN, Interlink Publishing, 2000.

Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, Interlink Publishing, 1991.

Altered States: A Reader in the New World Order, Interlink Publishing, 1994.

From Stones to Statehood: The Palestinian Uprising, Interlink Publishing, 1990.

Phyllis is frequently published in the Baltimore Sun, Middle East International, Middle East Report (MERIP),, and many other publications. She is appears regularly on U.S. and international media.

John Cavanagh

ROLE IN IPS: Director

CURRENT WORK: John Cavanagh has been Director of IPS since 1998. In this capacity, he oversees programs, outreach, and organizational development.

BACKGROUND: John has a BA from Dartmouth College and a MA from Princeton University. He worked as an international economist for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (1978–1981) and the World Health Organization (1981–1982). He directed IPS’s Global Economy Project from 1983–1997. He is the co-author of 10 books and numerous articles on the global economy.


Global Dreams: Imperial Corporations and the New World Order (with Richard J. Barnet), Simon & Schuster, 1994.

A Field Guide to the Global Economy (with Sarah Anderson and Thea Lee), New Press, 2000.

Karen Dolan

ROLE IN IPS: Fellow, Progressive Challenge Director

CURRENT WORK: Cities for Peace project is organizing a series of Town Hall Meetings called “America Shapes the Debate.” This series, through some of the Cities for Peace, will produce a People’s Platform for Election 2004. The Progressive Challenge project is continuing its city-based hearings on the lives of America’s Low-Income and Working Poor. And both projects are developing public education materials on issues of the domestic economy and its impacts on low-income and poor Americans and residents.

BACKGROUND: Karen Dolan is a Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies and Director of the Cities for Peace and Progressive Challenge projects based there. She holds an M.A. in Philosophy and Social Policy from the American University in Washington D.C. Karen collaborates with organizers and elected officials at the local level as well as with members of Congress and their staff. She participates in building economic and social justice coalitions at the local and national levels focused around a common, broad-based progressive agenda. Karen’s recent work includes co-authoring the IPS publication Paying the Price: The Mounting Costs of War in Iraq.

Netfa Freeman


ROLE IN IPS: Director, Social Action & Leadership School for Activists

CURRENT WORK: Netfa directs the Institute’s school for organizers. This project provides affordable courses covering all aspects of grassroots activism.

BACKGROUND: Netfa holds a BA in History from the University of the District of Columbia (UDC) and has been a political organizer/activist for over 17 years. He served as the coordinator of the Committee for Political Education at the Pan-African Resource Center (1984–1989) and has worked as a phone-bank fundraiser for the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES 1988–1990). Netfa has been intimately involved with many movements such as the 1986 International Peace Gathering in response to the U.S. bombing of Libya and the Advocates Plus Save UDC movement (1997). He is currently working with DC organizations to establish a DC-Havana Sister City Project and is an organizer in the No War On Cuba Movement;

st, New York Times, and other major U.S., Canadian and British press on a wide variety of political, diplomatic, economic, development, military, intelligence, aid, human rights, and environmental issues. She holds a B.A. in history from Oberlin College, an M.A. in African American Studies from Syracuse University, and a Ph.D. in African History from University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

In addition she has co-edited with Tom Barry two editions of Global Focus, a collection of essays on U.S. foreign policy (1997 and forthcoming from St. Martins Press, Jan. 2000).


Who Owns Paradise: Ecotourism and Sustainable Development, Island Press, 1999.

Hostile Acts: U.S. Policy in Costa Rica in the 1980s, University Press of Florida, 1994.

La Penca: On Trial in Costa Rica, The CIA vs. The Press, (with Tony Avirgan), Editorial Porvenir, Costa Rica, 1987. Also published in Spanish.

La Penca: Reporte de una investigacion, (with Tony Avirgan), Ediciones.

El Gallo Rojo, Peru, 1985. Also published in English, German and Norwegian.

War in Uganda: The Legacy of Idi Amin, (with Tony Avirgan), Lawrence Hill, 1982. Also published in Britain and Tanzania.

g IPS, Ms. Jonas worked with a variety of community and economic development projects in Chile, Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States. She is the co-founder of PAMEVIC, a community banking program in Bluefields, Nicaragua. Ms. Jonas holds a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame; she has also studied at the Catholic University and the Instituto Latinoamericano de Doctrina y Estudios Sociales (ILADES) in Santiago, Chile. She has received the Kertsz Prize and the Kennedy Award for her research on redemocratization in Chile. She is currently a student at Yale Law School

Saul Landau


also see his weekly column at


CURRENT WORK: In addition to his work as IPS, Saul is the director of digital media arts for college of letters, arts and social sciences at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, 3801 W.Temple Ave. Pomona, CA 91768 tel: 909–869–3115, fax: 909–869–4858.

BACKGROUND: Saul has written 12 books, thousands of newspaper and magazine articles and reviews and made more than 40 films and TV programs. He won an Emmy for his 1980 Paul Jacobs and the Nuclear Gang (with Jack Willis) and an Edgar for Assassination on Embassy Row (with John Dinges). He won a Golden Apple award for The Sixth Sun: Mayan Uprising in Chiapas as well as first prizes in many festivals with films about Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende and Subcomandante Marcos. His latest work includes the book Pre-Emptive Empire: A Guide to
Bush’s Kingdom (out in September 2003 from Pluto) and the film Back from Syria. He has been a fellow at IPS since 1972 and at TNI since 1974.

Malia Lazu

ROLE IN IPS: Director, Democracy Action Project

Malia is currently on leave from IPS. She will return in late 2004.

CURRENT WORK: Malia Lazu is the project director for Democracy Action Project, a national youth electoral reform organization, focusing on rebuilding trust in government and ensuring that every vote counts. Democracy Action Project has a signature annual event called “Democracy Summer”. Last year over 300 youth activists from 30 states participated in the week long training school and did an action to support DC enfranchisement.

BACKGROUND: Ms. Lazu is the founding Executive Director for Mass VOTE, a statewide non-partisan coalition of community-based organizations, faith-based institutions and neighborhood associations working to increase voter participation in urban neighborhoods. She has been recognized by the Massachusetts State Senate and House for her role in the rise in voter turn out in Boston. Ms. Lazu was named “Activist of the Month” by MTV in June 2000, and is a board member of the Youth Council of The Partnership for Excellence in Government as a representative of MTV. Ms. Lazu currently sits on the following boards; YouthVote, Dunk the Vote, Council for Excellence in Government, Declaration Generation and the Center for Voting and Democracy-education committee.

Ms. Lazu moved in 1995 from her home in Honolulu, Hawaii, to enroll in Emerson College in Boston, Massachusetts.While pursuing her undergraduate degree she interned in the Women and Politics program at the Commonwealth Coalition, a statewide progressive politics organization. While there she played a key role in helping to elect the first Haitian-American to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, the highest elected office in the country for a Haitian-born elected official. Ms. Lazu went on to become a statewide college organizer for the Clean Elections campaign, winning a landmark statewide ballot question in 1998 for sweeping campaign finance reform in Massachusetts.

Erik Leaver


ROLE IN IPS: Project Associate for Peace and Security/Foreign Policy In Focus.

CURRENT WORK: Erik is a project associate with the peace and security program and serves as the congressional relations director for the Foreign Policy In Focus project. His current work includes conducting education and outreach on issues surrounding Iraq and multilateral institutions. In the last year he has been interviewed on numerous radio stations and quoted in publications ranging from The Nation and The Washington Post to Al-Ahram (Egypt).

BACKGROUND: Erik holds an MA in Latin American Studies from the University of New Mexico. He worked with the Interhemispheric Resource Center in New Mexico on Foreign Policy In Focus before moving to Washington to continue his work at IPS in April 1999.

“Top 10 Reasons for the US to Get Out of Iraq,”, September 24, 2004.

“A Coalition of Weakness,” Foreign Policy In Focus, April 2003.

“Iraq Occupation Report: Control of Oil Revenues,” with Michael Renner, Foreign Policy In Focus, September 2003.

“Wrapped in the Flag: The Emperor and the New Military Budget,” Red Pepper, April 2002.

“For A Real Debate Americans Need Real Questions,” Common Dreams, October 14, 2000.

The Next Fifty Years: The United Nations and the United States (with Tom Barry), (Albuquerque: Resource Center Press, 1996).

Dorian Lipscombe

ROLE IN IPS: Administrator

CURRENT WORK: Since 1993, Dorian has served as the Institute’s Office Manager, Internship Program Director, and Publications Coordinator. She has focused on strengthening the internal administrative structure of the Institute and professionalizing its external communications with vendors and interns.

BACKGROUND: Dorian formerly worked with the Department of Transportation for 6 years as the Personnel Management Assistant where she received numerous awards for her performance and a Certificate of Recognition.

Nadia Martinez

ROLE IN IPS: Research Associate, Sustainable Energy and Economy Network (SEEN)

CURRENT WORK: Nadia is supporting SEEN’s efforts to stop public financing for oil, gas and mining projects in the developing world. Her focus is in Latin America, where she works with local civil society groups, including environmental, development, human rights, and indigenous organizations.

BACKGROUND: Nadia holds an M.A. in International Affairs from the American University in Washington D.C. She was born and raised in Panama. Before joining IPS, she worked at the Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress in San José, Costa Rica.

Joia Nuri


ROLE IN IPS: Director of Media Relations

CURRENT WORK:Joia Jefferson Nuri is the Director of Media Relations for IPS. She is responsible for informing broadcast, cable, print, and .com media about the work of Progressive Challenge, Cities for Peace, SEEN, the Pinochet Project, and IPS in general. Joia schedules media interviews and gives the media access to IPS Fellows and researchers.

BACKGROUND: Prior to joining IPS, Joia worked in Washington media for close to 30 years. She served as Senior Producer at C-SPAN, America’s Black Forum, BET and WAMU. As an independent producer, Joia created the “grateful student” profiles seen in the United Negro College Fund’s annual fundraising telethon. She also produced live specials for the Pacifica Radio Network. For more than a decade Joia was a network television technician for both NBC and CBS NEWS. Joia ended her technical career in 1985 as the Technical Director of CBS’ FACE THE NATION. In 1991, Joia lived and worked in west Africa, reporting on the presidential elections in Ivory Coast and Nigeria.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS: Joia is researching and writing a book on religion in America.

Miriam Pemberton

ROLE IN IPS: Research Fellow, Peace and Security Program

CURRENT WORK:As Peace and Security Editor for Foreign Policy In Focus, she commissions and edits briefs and longer reports on foreign policy issues related to demilitarization. As IPS Research Fellow she writes and speaks on these issues. She recently testified in Congress on the economic consequences of going to war with Iraq. She is at work on a book documenting the struggle for conversion of military resources to civilian use following the end of the cold war.

BACKGROUND: Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1987. Editor and Research Associate, National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament, 1989–96; Director of the Commission, 1996–98.


“War Fever Weakens Ailing Economy,”oped, Baltimore Sun, October 21, 2002.

“How Things Should Change,” with John Feffer, in Power Trip: U.S. Global Strategy After September 11, Seven Stories Press, forthcoming.

“Life After the Military: US Soldiers Adjust to the Post-Cold War Downsizing,” in Demobilization and Reintegration After the Cold War, Bonn International Center for Conversion, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Spring 2000.

A Tale of Two Markets: Trade in Arms and Environmental Technologies (with Michael Renner, National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament and the Institute for Policy Studies), May 1998.

Daniela Ponce


ROLE IN IPS: Support staff

CURRENT WORK: In addition to providing administrative support to IPS, Daniela assists in the coordination of media requests and organizational events. Serving as a research assistant for a variety of projects, she also writes, edits, and translates articles on international law, conflict and human rights.

BACKGROUND: Born and raised in Chile, Daniela was actively involved in the efforts to bring Pinochet to justice. Working as a volunteer, she translated CIA declassified documents to be used in Chilean courts and coordinated many online advocacy campaigns to end impunity. She holds a BA in Sociology and is working towards a MA in International Peace and Conflict Resolution. Before joining IPS, Daniela worked at the Organization of American States where she researched possibilities for conflict transformation and social justice in Latinoamerica. In the summer of 2003, Daniela took time off to work for a human rights organization in Nepal where she conducted research on state violence and the role of the media in peacebuilding.

Amy Quinn


ROLE IN IPS: Regional Organizer for the Progressive Challenge Project

CURRENT WORK: Amy is working to build alliances around a progressive agenda for change with regional grassroots peoples’ coalitions, innovative policy thinkers, and members of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.

BACKGROUND: Amy’s extensive human rights organizing background has focused on environmental justice as well as the social, economic, and cultural effects of globalization. Before joining IPS, Amy worked with the Alliance for Justice’s Co/Motion Community Organizing program where she provided training and technical assistance to emerging grassroots organizers. As a former Field Organizer with Peace Action Education Fund she worked with local chapters calling for shifting U.S. priorities from global militarism to human rights. Amy was a 1997 Amnesty International Patrick Stewart Scholar based with the Kenya Human Rights Commission in Nairobi where she researched and wrote about Gender and Police Practices in Kenya as well as the Constitutional Reform Movement.

Amy attended the University of Vermont and the School for International Training in Kenya where her studies included Environmental Justice and The Politics of Race and Social Justice.

Marcus Raskin


ROLE IN IPS: Co-founder and Distinguished Fellow

CURRENT WORK: Marc is directing IPS’s Paths for the 21st Century project. This includes producing a multi-volume book examining international organizations and politics, reviewing what we have learned from the 20th century of an emancipatory and liberatory nature to serve as guides for new models of equality and alternatives for the 21st century on questions of peace, economic and social justice, cultural rights, democratic reconstruction, and racial and gender equality. He is also currently serving as a professor at George Washington University. Marcus has also written extensively on the Presidents in the web exclusive Presidential Disrespect.

BACKGROUND: Prior to founding IPS, Marc was a member of the special staff of the National Security Council in President Kennedy’s Administration. He has served as advisor to the Episcopal Urban Bishops and as co-chair of the Issues Commission of the Progressive Alliance, a group of 150 public interest and labor organizations. He has also served as a member of a Presidential Commission on Education and advisor to the Bureau of the Budget and the Office of Science and Technology in the Executive Office of the President.


Visions and Revisions, Interlink Publishing Group, 1998.

Theo Rose


ROLE IN IPS: Administrative Assistant, Foreign Policy In Focus

CURRENT WORK: As an assistant on the Foreign Policy In Focus project, Theo works on media and electronic outreach for FPIF and the allied progressive foreign policy community. He supports FPIF’s broader educational work through research, database management, and various administrative tasks.

BACKGROUND: Prior to his arrival at IPS in August 2003, Theo worked on environmental issues at the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and interned at the Des Moines Register. He studied at the University of Ghana in spring 2002 and earned a B.A. in journalism and mass communication from Drake University in May 2003.

Emily Schwartz Greco


ROLE IN IPS: Media Director, Foreign Policy In Focus

CURRENT WORK: Emily works on the Foreign Policy In Focus project as its media director. She edits short essays written for newspapers and helps scholars publish their work in the media; responds to media inquiries from reporters and producers; conducts outreach to the mainstream and alternative media, and promotes books and reports written by FPIF experts and scholars

BACKGROUND: Prior to coming to IPS in 2003, Emily covered foreign policy and economics in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil, as well as Washington and New York for the Dow Jones and Bloomberg News services She earned a M.S. in journalism from Columbia University and a B.A. in Latin American studies and history from the University of Texas at Austin. She has traveled extensively in Latin America, Southeast Asia and the South

Sanho Tree


ROLE IN IPS: Director, Drug Policy Project

CURRENT WORK: Sanho Tree is a Fellow and Director of the Drug Policy Project at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, DC. The project works to end the domestic and international “War on Drugs” and replace it with policies that promote public health and safety as well as economic alternatives to the prohibition drug economy. The intersection of race and poverty in the drug war is at the heart of the project’s work. In recent years the project has focused on the US drug war in Colombia and its attendant “collateral damage”. Establishing humane and sustainable alternatives to the drug war fits into the IPS mandate as one of the major contemporary social justice issues at home and abroad. Mr. Tree is also a former military and diplomatic historian, but his current work focuses on US involvement in the conflict in Colombia. He recently was featured in the ABC/John Stossel documentary on the drug war which aired in July 2002 and appeared on Politically Incorrect in April of that year. Currently, he serves on the board of Witness for Peace, Students for Sensible Drug Policy, the Common Sense Legislative Group, and Project Underground.

BACKGROUND: In the past, he has collaborated with Dr. Gar Alperovitz on The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb and the Architecture of an American Myth (Knopf, 1995). From 1996–97, he assisted entertainer Harry Belafonte in drafting his memoirs and continues to work as an occasional consultant for him on international issues. He was also associate editor of CovertAction Quarterly, an award-winning magazine of investigative journalism. In the late 1980s he worked at the International Human Rights Law Group.


Contributor to The Effective National Drug Control Strategy

Robin Weiss-Castro


ROLE IN IPS: Director of Finance and Human Resources

Current Work: Robin serves as Director of Finance and Human Resources

Background: B.A. in history, Grinnell College. Robin has more than 20 years’ experience in Washington, DC, including work on Capitol Hill, social science research firms and the nonprofit sector.

Scott Williams


ROLE IN IPS: Co-Director of Development for Membership, Communication, and Foundations.

CURRENT WORK: In charge of direct mail and membership services, including editing annual report and newsletter. Also maintains website.

BACKGROUND: Scott entered the nonprofit world in 1993 at the Farm Animal Reform Movement, where he coordinated international grass-roots campaigns such as World Farm Animals Day and the Great American Meatout. In 1994, he was named Executive Director. He joined IPS in early 1997, and became Director of SALSA in December of that year. In 2000, he switched to a fundraising and member communications role. He is a board member of the Vegetarian Society of the District of Columbia and a former member of the board of the Vegetarian Union of North America.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS: Editor, Light Among Shadows: A Memorial Tribute to Orlando Letelier, Ronni Karpen Moffitt, and Heroes of the Human Rights Movement.

Emira Woods

ROLE IN IPS: Co-Director of Foreign Policy In Focus


CURRENT WORK:Foreign Policy In Focus co-director.

BACKGROUND: Emira holds a BA in International Relations from Columbia , a certificate in Public Policy from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton, a Master’s in Government from Harvard, and is ABD in Political Economy and Government at Harvard. She recently was Program Manager for the Committee on Development Policy and Practice at InterAction, serving as a principal staff contact for advocacy at the UN, the international financial institutions, USAID and Treasury. She designed and implemented a strategic campaign around the Monterrey Financing for Development conference, working with both InterAction members and a broader coalition of Southern and Northern agencies. Prior to this position, she served as Program Officer of Oxfam America’s Africa program, which involved outreach to the heads of major international institutions and grassroots groups in the most remote communities.

Ms. Woods has recently been interviewed on BBC, CNN, CBC, NewsHour with Jim Lehrer , the Diane Rehm Show, on Liberia and US-Africa Relations. She has hosted a online chat and has published pieces in the Nation, the Baltimore Sun, and the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.

Daphne Wysham



ROLE IN IPS: Board Member; Fellow; Coordinator, Sustainable Energy and Economy Network (SEEN), a project of IPS and the Transnational Institute, Amsterdam

CURRENT WORK: Climate change is considered by many to be the world’s most serious environmental problem. Ms. Wysham’s work tackles this problem from a unique perspective: She has chosen to challenge the “inevitability” of a rapidly warming world by providing critical research which exposes the way in which public policy and public funding for energy projects in the developing world are creating a “self-fulfilling prophecy” of rapidly rising greenhouse gas emissions. Working with a wide array of environmental, social justice and human rights groups, Ms. Wysham is continuing her ground-breaking research on financial flows directed at oil, gas and coal projects which originate in international financial institutions and export credit agencies. This research examines the role of these investments in providing hidden subsidies to large oil, gas and coal corporations, which in turn result in political instability, human rights violations and environmental problems, and, ultimately, in climate change.

This research is now the foundation for a growing campaign of international activists, all of whom share a common concern for the impact these investments have on the lives of indigenous peoples, the poor and disenfranchised, and traditional sustainable ways of living, as well as the global environment, and a desire to see these investments redirected toward more sustainable energy and economic targets.

BACKGROUND: Ms. Wysham grew up in India. Since graduating with high honors from Princeton University in 1983, she has worked in the U.S. on environmental issues with a primary focus on the manner in which development projects engineered by Northern investors and industries affect people in the global South. She is the former editor-in-chief of Greenpeace Magazine, has worked with organized labor, and worked as an associate of the Center for Investigative Reporting in San Francisco, CA


“OPIC, Ex-IM, and Climate Change: Business as Usual?” (with the International Trade Service and Friends of the Earth.

“The World Bank and the G-7, Still Changing the Earth’s Climate for Business 1997–98″ (with ITIS).

“The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Fueling Climate Change.” (with ITIS, 1997).

“The World Bank’s Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest: Opportunity or Liability for the World’s Poorest Women?” (1997).

“The World Bank’s Juggernaut: The Coal- Fired Industrial Colonization of the Indian State of Orissa” (1996).

Beyond Bretton Woods: Alternatives to the Global Order (with John Cavanagh), Pluto Press, 1994.

Joy Zarembka

ROLE IN IPS: Director, Break the Chain Campaign

CURRENT WORK: Joy Zarembka directs The Break the Chain Campaign, a coalition of legal and social service agencies, ethnically-based organizations, social action groups and individuals devoted to protecting the rights of the migrant domestic working community. The Campaign has primarily focused on domestic workers who have entered the United States through a special visa program that grants international bureaucrats and diplomats the privilege of bringing hired help in from overseas. Most of these domestic workers are poor women from developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America who enter the United States on temporary A-3 or G-5 visas.

BACKGROUND: Joy M. Zarembka was “born, bred and buttered” in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She received her undergraduate degree from Haverford College and Master’s degree from Yale University in International Relations. As a Student Professor at Haverford, she designed and taught the advanced-level course, “Sociology of Knowledge.” Before coming to the Campaign, Joy had traveled to Burundi - a small country in Central Africa currently experiencing civil war - to conduct conflict resolution workshops between different ethnic groups there, while participating in a project to reconstruct a destroyed guesthouse. Joy has traveled widely throughout Eastern and Southern Africa.

In February 2002, Joy was named one of the Women’s Information Networks’s Young Women of Achievement for the year.


The Pigment of Your Imagination: Mixed Race Families in Britain, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Jamaica, is due to come out in 2002.

Last edited by TeganDowling. Based on work by Godsil.  Page last modified on November 26, 2004

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